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Balta Alba Povestire Pe Momentele Subiectului Literar [UPDATED]

How to Analyze the Story "Balta Alba" Based on the Literary Subject Moments

If you are studying Romanian literature, you may have encountered the story "Balta Alba" by Vasile Alecsandri, a poet and prose writer of the 1848 Revolution. This story, written in 1847 and published in 1848, is a satire of the hybrid civilization that coexisted in Wallachia at that time, mixing oriental and occidental, modern and traditional elements. The story is told by a young French traveler who experiences various adventures and misfortunes during his journey to Balta Alba, a place he does not know anything about.

balta alba povestire pe momentele subiectului literar


One of the ways to analyze this story is to identify its literary subject moments, which are the main stages of the plot development. These moments are: exposition, intrigue, action development, climax, and denouement. By following these moments, you can understand better the structure and the meaning of the story.


The exposition is the part of the story that introduces the setting, the characters, and the conflict. In "Balta Alba", the exposition takes place in a scene where some friends are lying on couches, according to the oriental custom. Among them is a young French painter who has just arrived in the Orient for the first time. He begins to tell them his story and how he ended up in Wallachia.

The exposition presents the main character, who is also the narrator of the story. He is a curious and adventurous traveler who wants to explore new lands and cultures. He is also naive and ignorant about the realities of Wallachia, which makes him an easy target for deception and ridicule. The exposition also introduces the main conflict, which is his journey to Balta Alba, a mysterious destination that he does not know anything about.


The intrigue is the part of the story that triggers the action and creates suspense. In "Balta Alba", the intrigue occurs when the French traveler decides to go to Balta Alba after hearing a song about it from a gypsy girl. He is fascinated by the name and the description of Balta Alba as a place where "the water is white as milk" and where "the birds sing sweetly". He asks his host, a Wallachian boyar, to take him there.

The intrigue creates curiosity and expectation in both the narrator and the reader. What is Balta Alba? Why does he want to go there? What will he find there? The intrigue also sets in motion the action of the story, which is his journey to Balta Alba.

Action Development

The action development is the part of the story that shows how the conflict evolves and how the characters react to it. In "Balta Alba", the action development consists of several episodes that depict the difficulties and dangers that the French traveler faces on his way to Balta Alba. These episodes are:

  • The encounter with a group of Turkish soldiers who try to rob him and his companions.

  • The encounter with a group of Wallachian peasants who mock him and his clothes.

  • The encounter with a group of gypsies who trick him into buying a worthless horse.

  • The encounter with a group of bandits who kidnap him and demand ransom.

  • The encounter with a group of monks who try to convert him to their religion.

The action development shows how the narrator's expectations are contrasted with reality. He realizes that Balta Alba is not a paradise, but a place full of dangers and hardships. He also realizes that he has been deceived by his host, who has sent him on a wild goose chase for his own amusement. He also realizes that he has been naive and foolish to trust strangers and to venture into unknown lands without proper preparation.


The climax is the part of the story that shows


The climax is the part of the story that shows the highest point of tension and the turning point of the conflict. In "Balta Alba", the climax occurs when the French traveler finally arrives at Balta Alba, after escaping from all the dangers and obstacles that he faced on his way. He expects to find a beautiful and peaceful place, but he is shocked and disappointed to see that Balta Alba is nothing but a swampy and muddy lake, surrounded by reeds and frogs. He realizes that he has been fooled and that his journey has been in vain.

The climax reveals the irony and the satire of the story. The narrator's idealized vision of Balta Alba is shattered by the harsh reality. He learns that Balta Alba is not a place of wonder, but a place of misery and decay. He also learns that his host has played a cruel joke on him, sending him to a worthless destination for his own entertainment. He also learns that he has wasted his time and energy on a meaningless quest.


The denouement is the part of the story that shows how the conflict is resolved and how the situation returns to normal. In "Balta Alba", the denouement takes place when the French traveler returns to his host's house, after spending a night at Balta Alba. He confronts his host and accuses him of lying and mocking him. His host admits his guilt and apologizes, saying that he wanted to teach him a lesson and to show him the true face of Wallachia. He also offers him a gift, a painting of Balta Alba made by himself. The narrator accepts the gift and forgives his host, saying that he has learned a lot from his experience.

The denouement shows how the narrator's attitude changes after his journey. He becomes more humble and wise, acknowledging his mistakes and accepting his host's apology. He also becomes more appreciative and respectful of Wallachia, recognizing its beauty and diversity. He also becomes more grateful and optimistic, seeing his journey as a valuable lesson and an unforgettable adventure.